- A person who depends on someone else for feeding puts them at a higher risk for aspiration.
- Speech pathologist have a Master’s or Doctorate degree, a state license and a certification of Clinical Competence from the American Speech Language Hearing Association.
- Stuttering affects 3 million Americans
- We have 26 sets of muscles in use when we swallow.
- By 18 months of age, a baby should have a vocabulary of 50-150 words & combine words in speech.
- By age of 5, most children make their speech sounds like the adults around them.
- Your brain stops growing at age 18 but is not developed until age 25.
- Children learn 80% of language by the age of 3. That’s why early intervention is important.
- 25-45% of typical developing children demonstrate feeding and swallowing problems.
- 94% of children with swallowing problems silently aspirate in trace amounts. (That is because they do not sense when food and liquid goes down wrong.)
- Dyspahgia (swallowing disorders) can result in poor nutrition, risk of aspiration, dehydration, decreased enjoyment of eating and drinking, and isolation in social situations.
- The earlier a child sees a dentist, the better. It’s recommended that children see a dentist by age 1 or when they get their first tooth. Pediatric dentist are geared towards treating children and educating parents.
- Humans swallow one time per minute while awake, about 3 times per hour when asleep and even more when we eat.
- Children don’t come with a feeding manual. 25% of picky eaters in typical developing children never grow out of it.
- Allergies, smoking, tense muscles, singing, coaching, talking loudly, cheer-leading, drinking caffeine and alcohol are all examples of vocal abuse that can cause vocal nodules.
- Everyone’s tongue print in uniquely different.
- 1 in 17 people will develop swallowing problems in their lifetime.
- Speech is a wonder! To say a phrase, about 100 muscles of the chest, neck, jaw, tongue and lips must collaborate. This takes coordination of many more neurons than necessary for contracting the muscles in an athletes’ foot.
- There are feeding difficulties identified in:
– 61% of infants born at 34 weeks
– 42% of infants born at 35 weeks
– 35% of infants born at 36 weeks.
Infant feeding is a complex process, requiring precise coordination of sucking, swallowing and breathing. This aides in mature posture and movement.
- The prevalence of pediatric dysphagia is increasing due to increased survival rates of premature babies with low birth weight and complex medical conditions.